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MalikovaM.E. Towards the Description of “Philological Translation” in the 1930-s: Adrian A. Frankovsky as Translator of the 18th Century English Novel. StudiaLitterarum, 2017, vol. 2, no3, pp. 10–45. (InRuss.) DOI: 10.22455/2500-4247-2017-2-3-10-45

Author: M.E. Malikova
Information about the author:

Maria E. Malikova, PhD in Philology, Senior Researcher, Institute of Russian Literature (Pushkin House) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Makarova embankment 4, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received: April 12, 2017
Published: September 25, 2017
Issue: 2017. Vol. 2, №3
Department: Literary Theory
Pages: 10-45

UDK: 82.09
BBK: 83(2Рос=Рус)+83 +83.3(4Вел)51
Keywords: philological translation, Soviet culture of the 1930s, actuality of translating classics


The first part of the article describes the phenomenon of “philological translation” in the Soviet culture of the 1930s and, in particular, translations of the 18 th century English novels by Adrian A. Frankovsky. Within the Soviet culture with its dominating Marxist discourse, “idealistic” philosophical-aesthetic foundations of philological translation were absent from critical reviews or translators’ paratexts. However, these concepts were well familiar to translators from the university philosophical and philological habitus, to which Frankovsky also belonged, and were presented in a number of theoretical and historical works on translation authored by such university professors as Fyodor D. Batyushkov, Mikhail P. Alexeev, and Alexandеr M. Finkel’. Their brief overview allows to trace the ori gins of Frankovsky’s concept of translation. The second part of the article is based on the draft materials preserved in Frankovsky’s archive (Manuscript Department of Pushkin House, Fund 132). Their analysis allows to demonstrate Frankovsky’s individual orientation within the field of philological translation. Frankovsky was focused on literal reproduction of the foreign syntax in the Russian language and thus endeavored to construct a more intellectual, rational, “European” Russian language. There are also striking parallels between Frankovsky’s interest in humor as the dominant of the early English novel and his conveyance of indirect speech (as it was analyzed within German linguistic school of Carl Vossler) with similar interests of Mikhail M. Bakhtin at the same time. This allows us to place Frankovsky’s translations within the cultural context that remained unnoticed by his contemporaries.


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