For citation:

Ermakova L.L. Mythologeme of the Suffering God in Vyacheslav Ivanov’s Translation of Aeschylus’ Oresteia. Studia Litterarum, 2019, vol. 4, no 4, pp. 220–231. (In Russ.)

DOI: 10.22455/2500-4247-2019-4-2-220-231

Author: Liia L. Ermakova
Information about the author:

Liia L. Ermakova, Lecturer, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Gribojedov Сanal Emb. 123, 190068 St. Petersburg, Russia.

ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2118-493X

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received: August 04, 2019
Published: December 25, 2019
Issue: 2019 Vol. 4, №4
Department: Russian Literature
Pages: 220-231

UDK: 821.161.1
BBK: 83.3(2Рос=Рус)6
Keywords: Vyacheslav Ivanov, mythopoetics, Dionysism, “Oresteia,” Aeschylus’ translations in Russia


Vyacheslav Ivanov developed a mythologeme of the suffering god in Hellenic Religion of the Suffering God and Dionysus and Predionysianism; this mythologeme is at the core of his Dionysian concept. The essay argues that it also influenced his translations of tragedies by Aeschylus. The essay mainly deals with the translation of Ivanov’s trilogy “Oresteia”; Ivanov interprets the characters and the plot of the trilogy in the context of Dionysism. Lexical and semantic field of the mythologeme of the suffering god includes such lexemes as “strastoterpets” (“passion-bearer”), “strastnoj” (“of passion”), and a phrase “litso zemli” (“the face of the earth”) which have Christian connotations and repeatedly occur in the above-mentioned works by Ivanov. The article demonstrates that the same words are found in his Russian translation of “Oresteia.” In most cases, the translator has to add these words since they do not correspond to any particular words in the Greek original. The synthesis of Hellenic and Christian material, so important for Ivanov’s Dionysian concept, manifests itself at the linguistic level in his translation of “Oresteia.”


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