For citation:

Dmitrieva E.Е. The Russian Country Estate from the Perspective of Internal and External Emigration: Afterlife and a New Life after 1905/1917. Studia Litterarum, 2019, vol. 4, no 4, pp. 166–187. (In German)

DOI: 10.22455/2500-4247-2019-4-4-166-187

Author: Ekaterina E. Dmitrieva
Information about the author:

Ekaterina E. Dmitrieva, DSc in Philology, Leading Research Fellow, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia; Professor, Russian State University for the Humanities, Miusskaya 6, 125993 Moscow, Russia.

ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9692-8329

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received: June 26, 2019
Published: December 25, 2019
Issue: 2019 Vol. 4, №4
Department: Russian Literature
Pages: 166-187

UDK: 821.161.1
BBK: 83.3(2Рос=Рус)
Keywords: Russian country estates, Golden Age, Invisible City of Kitezh, myth, Russian emigration, museums of country estate life


From the very beginning of its history, the relatively short-lived estate culture was keenly self-aware of its transient nature and toyed with the theme of Apocalypse in literature. Historically, the decline of the estate in the course of the century and a half was a subject of literary reflection that as if prefigured what would happened in 1917. However, the widespread destruction of the estates in 1905 coincides with the first renaissance of the estate culture in the 1900–1910s. The estate culture experiences another — this time virtual — renaissance after 1917, in the literature of Russian emigration. Nostalgic of the past, this literature engages in myth-making as it invents the estate as the Invisible City of Kitezh of a sort. The virtual reconstruction fosters the desire to physically reconstruct the estate as it does a German playwright Karl Sternheim in the newly acquired estate “Claire Colline” — Yasnaya Polyana. Sergey Rakhmaninov follows the lead as he buys a piece of land on the shores of Firwaldstadt Lake and tries to recreate the spirit of the Tambov estate Ivanovka where he spent his childhood years.


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