For citation:

Protopopova A.V., Protopopov I.A. Creation Myth and the Prometheus Myth in Fulgentius. Studia Litterarum, 2019, vol. 4, no 4, pp. 44–57. (In Russ.)

DOI: 10.22455/2500-4247-2019-4-4-44-57

Author: Anna V. Protopopova
Information about the author:

Anna V. Protopopova, PhD in Philology, Senior Researcher, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25a, 121069 Moscow, Russia.

ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4461-3349

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Author 2: Ivan A. Protopopov
Information about the author 2:

Ivan A. Protopopov, PhD in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Saint Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation, Bolshaya Morskaya 67A, 190000 St. Petersburg, Russia.

ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2242-5512

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received: January 10, 2019
Published: December 25, 2019
Issue: 2019 Vol. 4, №4
Department: World Literature
Pages: 44-47

UDK: 821'01
BBK: 83.3(0)3
Keywords: Fabius Planciades Fulgentius, Prometheus, creation myth, artificial body, late Antiquity


The article deals with such element of the Prometheus myth as creation of humans from clay. This variation of the creation myth is present in such early sources as Hesiod and Aesop and in such classical ancient sources as Ovid and Properce; yet overall, it is rare. In late Antiquity, the plot becomes more popular (Pausanias, Hygin, Lucian). Sometimes, Hephaestus replaces Prometheus; sometimes the myth comes together with the Pandora myth, but the moment of animating a clay figure is usually vaguely described. The essay specifically focuses on Mythologies by Fulgentius (5–6 AD): both his narration and interpretation of the myth are rather unique. Fulgentius presents contamination of previous versions (such as stealing the fire from gods and giving it to humans; ascent to heaven; creation of humans from clay; Athena’s help; Pandora; punishment for stealing fire etc). Of particular interest is the stealing of the fire motif: in this version, Prometheus wants to animate humans with the help of fire instead of helping the humankind. The essay examines the etymology of Prometheus’s name and the allegory of the hawk in Fulgentius and pays special attention to the philosophical meaning of the fire that brings humans to life.


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