Download PDF:
For citation:

Golubtsova A.V. Alexander Pushkin in the 19th Century Italian Drama. Studia Litterarum, 2017, vol. 2, no 3, pp. 138–149. (InRuss.) DOI: 10.22455/2500-4247-2017-2-3-138-149

Author: A.V. Golubtsova
Information about the author:

Anastasia V. Golubtsova, PhD in Philology, Senior Researcher, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 а, 121069 Moscow, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received: June 03, 2017
Published: September 25, 2017
Issue: 2017 Vol. 2, №3
Department: World Literature
Pages: 138-149

UDK: 821.161.1 + 821.131.1
BBK: 83.3(4Ита)52 +83.3(2Рос=Рус)
Keywords: A. Pushkin, V. Carrera, P. Cossa, Italian plays, Risorgimento, national identity, myth, Romanticism, Byronism.


The article deals with the problem of Alexander Pushkin’s reception in the 19 th century Italy. In the first half of the century, during the years of national liberation movement, Italian intellectuals were concerned with the question of national identity and with the search for common cultural grounds of the Italian nation. In Italy, a country that for various reasons felt a certain affinity with Russian culture, patriotic intellectuals considered Pushkin as a model national poet. “Italian” Pushkin was perceived through a set of stereotypes failing to form a coherent image. At the same time, his reception was not free from mythologization that made his image fit into the context of European and Italian Romanticism. In the second half of the 19 th century, Pushkin’s myth inspired two plays, “Alessandro Puschin” by V. Carrera and “Puschin” by P. Cossa. The plays combining biographical facts with concepts and images drawn from Pushkin’s own, works model the image of the Russian poet in accordance with the Romantic myth albeit including contradictory, even incompatible elements. Pushkin is represented as a Romantic poet of Byronic type, an integral part of European literary tradition; nevertheless, both playwrights emphasize Pushkin’s national identity, his close ties with Russian language and folk poetry and above all, point out his exotic African origin. Not only Carrera’s and Cossa’s plays retranslate Italian myths related to Alexander Pushkin, they also show which Pushkin’s works were better known in Italy at the beginning of the 1870s (mostly his Romantic poems such as The Gypsies).


1 Gardzonio S. Ital’ianskaia pushkiniana [Pushkin in Italy]. “Sluzhen’e muz ne terpit suety...”: izbrannaia poeziia v perevodakh T. Landol’fi [Selected Poetry translated by T. Landolfi]. Moscow, Vagrius Publ., 2008, pp. 6–17. (In Russ.)
2 Gardzonio S. Pushkin i Dante: obshchie elementy kul’turnogo sopostavleniia [Pushkin and Dante: Common Elements of Cultural Comparison]. Ruthenia. Proekt Ob”edinennogo gumanitarnogo izdatel’stva i kafedry russkoi literatury Tartuskogo universiteta. [Ruthenia. Project of Joint Humanities Edition and Department of Russian literature of the Tartu University]. Available at:  ttp://
document/530914.html (Accessed 02 June 2017). (In Russ.).
3 Golubtsova A.V. Pushkinskii mif i natsional’naia identichnost’ v Italii XIX veka [Pushkin’s myth and national identity in the 19 th century Italy]. Russkaia literatura v zerkalakh mirovoi kul’tury: retseptsiia, perevody, interpretatsii [Russian Literature in the Mirrors of the World Culture: reception, translations, interpretation]. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2015, pp. 401–424. (In Russ.)
4 Carrera V. Alessandro Puschin. Milano, Libreria Editrice, 1876. 143 р. (In Italian)
5 Cossa P. Puschin. Milano, Libreria editrice, 1876. 75 p. (In Italian)
6 Mazzini G. Opere: in 2 vol. Milano, Rizzoli, 1967. Vol. 2. Scritti. 1001 p. (In Italian)
7 Predari F. Origine e vicende dei zingari. Milano, Tipografia di Paolo Lampato, 1841. 275 p. (In Italian)
8 Racconti poetici di Alessandro Puschin, poeta russo, tradotti da Luigi Delatre. Firenze, F. Le Monnier, 1856. 243 р. (In Italian)
9 Tenca C. Saggi critici. Firenze, Sansoni, 1969. 442 р. (In Italian)
10 Tommaseo N. Lettera al signor Giaхich sulla letteratura russa. Antologia; giornale di scienze, lettere e arti. Firenze, 1828, vol. 32, pp. 114–117. (In Italian)