Download:

PDF

Keywords: Mazan-batyr, trickster, historical tales, legends, Kalmyk Folklore.
For citation:

Sengleev B.Yu. Trickster Traits in the Folklore Image of Mazan-Batyr. Studia Litterarum, 2019, vol. 4, no 3, pp. 330–351. (In Russ.)

DOI: 10.22455/2500-4247-2019-4-3-330-351

Author: Boris Yu. Sengleev
Information about the author:

Boris Yu. Sengleev, Postgraduate student, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received: January 17, 2019
Published: September 25, 2019
Issue: 2019 Vol. 4, №3
Department: Folklore Sudies
Pages: 330-351
DOI: 10.22455/2500-4247-2019-4-3-330-351
UDK: 398
BBK: 82.3(=64)

Abstract

This paper focuses on one aspect of the image of Mazan-batyr, a popular hero of Kalmyk folklore. Kalmyk tales represent Mazan as a cunning hero, able to trick his opponent instead of using strength and martial skills. The article examines Mazan as a Trickster and places the structure of legends and tales associated with Mazan-batyr against the context of the Trickster narrative. Mazan’s Trickster behavior is part of his meta-textual image; it manifests itself in his own actions, actions of other characters, and verbal descriptions given by storytellers. The tricks that often recur in the stories of Mazan are analyzed separately. The article analyzes these tricks on semantic level, compares them to each other as well as summarizes recurrent motifs. Finally, it draws parallels between the trickster actions of Mazan-batyr and similar episodes from different epic traditions. Attention is paid to typological parallels as well as direct overlaps between stories. The essay argues that the presence of the Trickster traits in folklore portrayal of Mazan-batyr may be explained by the influence of oral heroic poetry.

References

1 “Khei da shi liue”: istochnik po istorii mongolov XIII v. [“Khei da shi liue”: 13th century source of Mongolian history)], ed. by A.Sh. Kadyrbaev; INION RAN. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2016. 254 p. (In Russ.)

2 Vas’kin S. Legenda o Mazan Baatre [Legend of Mazan-Batyr]. Teegin gerl [Light in the Steppe], 1997, no 8, pp. 81–84. (In Russ.)

3 Iliada [The Iliad], transl. by N.I. Gnedich, edition prepared by A.I. Zaitsev. St. Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 2008. 572 p. (In Russ.)

4 Dzhangar. Kalmytskii geroicheskii epos [Jangar. Kalmyk heroic epic], comp., w.p., dict. by N.Ts. Bitkeev, E.B. Ovalov; transl. by N.Ts. Bitkeev, E.B. Ovalov, Ts.K. Korsunkiev, A.V. Kudiiarov, N.B. Sangadzhieva. Moscow, Nauka, Glavnaia redaktsiia vostochnoi literatury Publ., 1990. 475 p. (In Russ.)

5 Dobrynia Nikitich i Alesha Popovich [Dobrynya Nikitich and Alyosha Popovich], ed. by Iu.I. Smirnov and V.G. Smolitskii. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1974. 447 p. (In Russ.)

6 Dushan U.D. Istoriko-etnograficheskie zametki ob Erketenevskom uluse Kalmytskoi ASSR [Historical and ethnographic notes about Erketen Ulus of Kalmyk Republic], Etnograficheskie vesti № 3 [Enthography news no 3]. Elista, KNIIYALI Publ., 1973, pp. 31–107. (In Russ.)

7 Istoriia Kalmykii s drevneishikh vremen i do nashikh dnei: v 3 t. [History of Kalmykia from the ancient times to the present day: in 3 vols.]. Elista, Gerel Publ., 2009. Vol. 1. 848 p. (In Russ.)

8 Keren’i K. Trikster i Drevnegrecheskaia mifologiia [The Trickster in relation to Greek mythology], Trikster. Issledovanie mifov severno-amerikanskikh indeitsev. S kommentariiami K.G. Iunga i K. Keren’i [Trickster. A Study in American indigenous mythology. With comments by Karl Kerenyi and C.G. Jung]. St. Petersburg, Evraziia Publ., 1999, pp. 242–264. (In Russ.)

9 Meletinskii E.M. Paleoaziatskii mifologicheskii epos. Tsikl Vorona [Paleo-Asiaticmythological epic: The Raven cycle]. Moscow, Nauka, Glavnaia redaktsiia vostochnoi literatury Publ., 1979. 232 p. (In Russ.)

10 Mify, legendy i predaniia kalmykov [Kalmyk myths, legends and historical tales], w.p., transl., prolusion, comm., notes, dict., revision of Kalmyk texts and index by T.G. Basangova, T.A. Mikhaleva. Moscow, Nauka, Vostochnaia literatura Publ., 2017. 368 p. (In Russ.)

11 Narty. Geroicheskii epos balkartsev i karachaevtsev [Narts. Heroic epic of Balkar and Karachay people], comp. by R.A.-K. Ortabaeva, T.M. Khadzhieva, A.Z. Kholaev; prolusion, comments and glossary by T.M. Khadzhieva. Moscow, Nauka, Vostochnaia literatura Publ., 1994. 656 p. (In Russ.)

12 Novik E.P. Struktura skazochnogo triuka [Structure of a fairy-tale trick]. Ot mifa k literature: Sb. v chest’ 75-letiia E.M. Meletinskogo [From myth to literature: Collection of Фольклористика / Б.Ю. Сенглеев articles in honor of the 75th birthday of E.M. Meletinsky], eds. S.Iu. Nekliudov, E.P. Novik. Moscow, RSUH Publ., 1993, pp. 139–152. (In Russ.)

13 Ochir-Gariaev V.E. Migratsii mongol’skikh plemen po dannym toponimii [Migration of Mongolic tribes according to toponymic evidence], Gumanitarnyi vector, 2010, no 3, pp. 84–91. (In Russ.)

14 Pamiatniki fol’klora mongol’skikh narodov: v 10 t. [Folkloric heritage of Mongolic people: in 10 vols.], ed. by N.Ts. Bitkeev. Moscow, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature Publ., 2015. Vol. IV: Legendy i predaniia [Legends and historical tales]. 652 p. (In Russ.)

15 Platitsyna T.V. Arkhetip trikstera v zarubezhnykh issledovaniiakh [Trickster archetype in foreign studies]. Vestnik Buriatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2013, no 1, pp. 151–154. (In Russ.)

16 Radin P. Trikster. Issledovanie mifov severno-amerikanskikh indeitsev. S kommentariiami K.G. Iunga i K. Keren’i [Trickster. A Study in American indigenous mythology. With comments by Karl Kerenyi and C.G. Jung]. St. Petersburg, Evraziia Publ., 1999. 288 p. (In Russ.)

17 Sem’ zvezd: Kalmytskie legendy i predaniia [The seven stars: Legends and historical tales of Kalmyk people], comp., transl., prolusion, comm. by D.E. Basaev. Elista, Kalmytskoe knizhnoe izdatel’stvo Publ., 2004. 414 p. (In Russ.)

18 Sengleev B.Iu. Mazan-batyr — epicheskii geroi v kalmytskom fol’klore [Mazan-Batyr as an epic hero of Kalmyk folklore], Traditsionnaia kul’tura, 2017, no 4 (68), pp. 170–181. (In Russ.)

19 Toporov V.N. Obraz trikstera v eniseiskoi traditsii [The figure of Trickster in Yenisei tradition], Traditsionnye verovaniia i byt narodov Sibiri XIX — nachalo XX vv.: sb. statei. [Traditional beliefs and ways of life of Siberian people in the 19th — early 20th centuries]. Novosibirsk, SO AN SSSR, IIFiF Publ., 1987, pp. 5–23. (In Russ.)

20 Iung K.G. O psikhologii obraza Trikstera [On the psychology of Trickster image]. Trikster. Issledovanie mifov severno-amerikanskikh indeitsev. S kommentariiami K.G. Iunga i K. Keren’i [A Study in American indigenous mythology. With comments by Karl Kerenyi and C.G. Jung]. St. Petersburg, Evraziia Publ., 1999, pp. 265–286. (In Russ.)

21 “Altn cheeҗtә kelmrch Boktan Shania” (“Khranitel’ mudrosti narodnoi Sh.V. Boktaev”) [“Keeper of the national wisdom Sh.V. Boktaev], сomp., prolusion, addendum by B.B. Mandzhieva. Elista, KIHS Publ., 2010. 172 p. (In Russ.)

22 Altn zүn-temn. Tuuls [The Golden Neelde: Folk Tales], recorded and comp. by L. Erenzhenov. Elista, Khal’mg degtr һarһach Publ., 1995. 120 p. (In Kalmyk)

23 Ochirov N.O. Mөңk deeҗ (Zhivaia starina) [Eternal tribute (the living old time)], comp., prolusion, comm. by B.A. Bicheev. Elista, Kalmytskoe knizhnoe izdatel’stvo Publ., 2006. 398 p. (In Russ.)