Download:

PDF

Keywords: Leo Tosltoy, Mary Elizabeth Braddon, Aurora Floyd, War and Peace, the system of characters in the novel, gender stereotypes.
For citation:

Stroganova E.N. Leo Tolstoy and English Female Writers. Studia Litterarum, 2019, vol. 4, no 3, pp. 210–225. (In Russ.)

DOI: 10.22455/2500-4247-2019-4-3-210-225

Author: Evgeniya N. Stroganova
Information about the author:

Evgeniya N. Stroganova, DSc in Philology, Professor of the Department of General and Slavic Art History, A.N. Kosygin Russian State University, Institute of Slavic Culture, Khibinsky dr. 6, 129337 Moscow, Russia.

ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0288-4287

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received: February 21, 2019
Published: September 25, 2019
Issue: 2019 Vol. 4, №3
Department: Russian Literature
Pages: 210-255
DOI: 10.22455/2500-4247-2019-4-3-210-225
UDK: 821.161.1+821.111
BBK: 83.3(2Рос=Рус)52 + 83.3(4Вел)52

Abstract

Victorian female authors were well known in the nineteenth century Russia. The works of Charlotte Bronte and George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans) especially were the objects of discussion in Russian literary criticism; their translated texts were published in magazines or as separate editions. Russian writers often mentioned the names of the British female authors and referred to them in letters, diaries, and memoirs as well as in literary works. Still, there are plenty of lesser known and hitherto overlooked female authors whose fiction was highly popular in Russia of those days. For example, Leo Tosltoy had high estimation of George Eliot and did not reference Charlotte Bronte; the latter omission is explained from the gendered point of view in the paper. Nevertheless, according to Tolstoy’s diaries, he was an avid reader and a fan of Mary Elizabeth Braddon (1835–1915) who was the one of the creators “sensation novel” genre. While working on War and Peace, Tolstoy read her novel Aurora Floyd (1863). The comparison of these two novels lets us speak about the impact of Braddon’s characters on the characters and their function in War and Peace.

References

1 Avrora Floid. Roman mistriss Braddon (avtora “Tainy ledi Odli”) [The novel by Mrs. Braddon (author of the Lady Audley’s Secret)]. Sobranie inostrannykh romanov, povestei i rasskazov [Collection of foreign novels, tales and stories]. 1863. Vol. 2, book 4; Vol. 3, book 5–6; Vol. 4, book 7–8; Vol. 5, book 9–10. (In Russ.)

2 Bank L.R. Romanistika Meri Elizabet Breddon 1860–1865 godov v istoriko-kul’turnom kontekste: avtoref. … dis. kand. filol. nauk [Novels of Mary Elizabeth Braddon, 1860–1865, in a historical and cultural context: PhD thesis, summary]. Perm’, 2005. Available at: [http://www.dissercat.com/content/romanistika-meri-elizabet-breddon-1860-1865- godov-v-istoriko-kulturnom-kontekste] (Accessed 18 January 2019). (In Russ.)

3 Biblioteka L’va Nikolaevicha Tolstogo v Iasnoi Poliane. Bibliograficheskoe opisanie [The library of Leo Tolstoy in Yasnaya Polyana. Bibliographic description]. Tula, Izd. Dom “Iasnaia Poliana”, 1999. Vol. 3: Knigi na inostrannykh iazykakh [Books in foreign languages], part 1. 702 p.; Vol. 3: Knigi na inostrannykh iazykakh [Books in foreign languages], part 2. Tula, Izd. Dom “Iasnaia Poliana” Publ., 1999. 672 p. (In Russ.)

4 Biriukov P.I. Biografiia L’va Nikolaevicha Tolstogo [Biography of Leo Tolstoy]. Available at: [http://az.lib.ru/b/birjukow_p_i/text_1905_tolstoy03.shtml] (Accessed 18 January 2019). (In Russ.) Studia Litterarum /2019 том 4, № 3 224 5 Breddon Meri E. Avrora Floid [Aurora Floyd]. Kursk, AP “Kursk” Publ., 1995. 416 p. (In Russ.) 6 Vulf V. Svoia komnata [Own room]. Vulf Virdzhiniia. Obyknovennyi chitatel’ [Virginia Wolf. Ordinary reader], ed. by N.I. Reingol’d. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2012, pp. 463–522. (In Russ.)

7 Gniusova I.F. Sovershenstvuiushchaiasia geroinia v tvorchestve Dzhordzh Eliot i L.N. Tolstogo [The self-cultivating heroine in the works of George Eliot and Leo N. Tolstoy]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2013, no 369, pp. 17–24. (In Russ.)

8 Gniusova I.F. “Uteshaius’, chto u nego svoe, a u menia svoe”: Tvorcheskii dialog L.N. Tolstogo s A. Troloppom [“I am comforted that he has his own, and I have my own”: Leo Tolstoy’s dialogue with A. Trollope]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2014, no 389, pp. 15–21. (In Russ.)

9 Demidova O.R. “S chuzhogo iazyka”: angliiskii zhenskii roman v russkoi kul’ture XIX veka [“From the foreign language”: English female novel in the Russian culture of the 19th century]. Adam i Eva. Al’manakh gendernoi istorii [Adam and Eve. Gender history almanac], 2001, no 2, pp. 121–136. (In Russ.)

10 Druzhinin A.V. Korrer-Bell’ i ego dva romana: “Shirli” i “Dzhen Ir” [Correr-Belle and his two novels: Shirley and Jen Ir]. Biblioteka dlia chteniia [Library for reading], 1852, vol. 116, Otd. Kritika, pp. 23–54. (In Russ.)

11 Zhiliakova E.M., Vasil’eva E.Iu. L. Stern v tvorcheskikh opytakh molodogo Tolstogo (La belle Flamande) [Stern and creative experiments of young Tolstoy (La belle Flamande)]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2006, no 291, pp. 61–65. (In Russ.)

12 Zhiliakova E.M. L.N. Tolstoi i W. Tekkerei. (“Sevastopol’skie rasskazy” i “Angliiskie turisty”) [L.N. Tolstoy and W. Thackeray (Sevastopol stories and English tourists)]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. gumanit. nauki, 2001, issue 1, pp. 20–26. (In Russ.)

13 Kuzminskaia T.A. Moia zhizn’ doma i v Iasnoi Poliane. Vospominaniia [My life at home and in Yasnaya Polyana. Memoirs], introd. by S.A. Rozanova, ed. and comm. by T.N. Volkova. Moscow, Pravda Publ., 1986. 560 p. (In Russ.)

14 Literaturnoe nasledstvo [Literary heritage]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1979. Vol. 90: U Tolstogo (1904–1910): “Iasnopolianskie zapiski” D.P. Makovitskogo [At Leo Tolstoy's (1904–1910): Yasnaya Polyana notes bt D.P. Makovitsky: Book 2 (1906–1907)]. 687 p. (In Russ.) 15 Literaturnoe nasledstvo [Literary heritage]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1983. Vol. 94: Pervaia zavershennaia redaktsiia romana “Voina i mir”, ed. and introd. by E.E. Zaidenshnur. 789 p. (In Russ.)

16 Muratkina E.L. Lev Tolstoi i Charl’z Dikkens: dukhovnye tendentsii khudozhestvennykh iskanii [Leo Tolstoy and Charles Dickens: spiritual trends in the artistic quest]. Kostroma, KGU im. N.A. Nekrasova Publ., 2006. 301 p. (In Russ.) Русская литература / Е.Н. Строганова

17 Nikolaeva T.A. Tolstoi — chitatel’ Dzhordzh Eliot [Tolstoy as the reader of George Eliot]. Iasnopolianskii sbornik: Stat’i. Materialy. Publikatsii [Yasnaya Polyana collection: Articles. Materials. Publications]. Tula, Priok. kn. izd-vo Publ., 1978, pp. 202–207. (In Russ.)

18 Nuralova S.E. Lev Tolstoi i viktorianskii roman [Leo Tolstoy and the Victorian novel]. Erevan, Lusabats Publ., 2010. 87 p. (In Russ.)

19 Pentsler Otto. [Predislovie k: Breddon M.E. Dobraia ledi Dakein] [Preface the Good Lady Ducayne by M.E. Braddon]. Vampirskie arkhivy [Vampire archives]. Book 1: Deti nochi. Available at: http://coollib.net/b/192822/read (Accessed 18 January 2019). (In Russ.)

20 Poiski nachala romana “Voina i mir”: Piatnadtsat’ nabroskov (1863–1864) [The search for the beginning of the novel War and Peace: Fifteen sketches (1863–1864)], introd. and publ. by E.E. Zaidenshnur. Literaturnoe nasledstvo [Literary heritage]. Moscow, Izd-vo AN SSSR Publ., 1961, vol. 69: Lev Tolstoi, book 1, pp. 291–396. (In Russ.)

21 Stroganova E.N. Sand (Zand) Zhorzh [Sand (Zand) Georges]. Lev Tolstoi i ego sovremenniki: Entsiklopediia [Leo Tolstoy and his contemporaries: Encyclopedia], ed. by N.I. Burnasheva. Moscow, Parad Publ., 2010, pp. 447–448. (In Russ.)

22 Tolstoi L.N. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii: v 90 t. [Complete works: in 90 vols.] Anniversary edition. Moscow, GIKhL Publ., 1928–1964. (In Russ.)

23 Khotinskaia A.I. Sensatsionnyi roman — populiarnyi zhanr literatury v Velikobritanii 1860-kh gg. [sensational novel as a popular literary genre in the UK of the 1860s.]. Moscow, URSS Publ., 2017. 154 p. (In Russ.)

24 Entsiklopediia chitatelia [Reader's guide], ed. by F.A. Eremeev. Ekaterinburg, Izd-vo Ural. un-ta Publ., ID “Sokrat” Publ., 1999. Vol. 1: A–D. 792 p. (In Russ.)

25 Tsebrikova M. Anglichanki-romanistki [English female novelists]. Otechestvennye zapiski, 1871, no 9, pp. 121–172. (In Russ.)

26 Tsebrikova M. Anglichanki-romanistki [English female novelists]. Otechestvennye zapiski, 1871, no 11, pp. 175–205. (In Russ.)

27 Allingham Philip V. Mary Elizabeth Braddon (1835–1915), the “Queen of Sensation” — Life and Works. Available at: http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/braddon/bio.html (Accessed 21 January 2019). (In English)