Download PDF: http://studlit.ru/images/2019-4-2/Mezheritskaya.pdf
Keywords: allegory, allegoreza, ancient rhetoric, ancient Greek oratory, Second Sophistic, Aelius Aristides, Dion Chrysostom.
For citation:

Mezheritskaya S.I. Allegory, Allegoreza, and Ancient Oratory. Studia Litterarum, 2019, vol. 4, no 2, pp. 10–29. (In Russ.)
DOI: 10.22455/2500-4247-2019-4-2-10-29

Author: Svetlana I. Mezheritskaya
Information about the author:

Svetlana I. Mezheritskaya, PhD in Philology, Associate Professor, Saint-Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya embankment 7/9, 199034 Saint Petersburg, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received: January 06, 2019
Published: June 25, 2019
Issue: 2019 Vol. 4, №2
Department: Literary Theory
Pages: 10-29
DOI: 10.22455/2500-4247-2019-4-2-10-29
UDK: 82.0
BBK: 83

Abstract

The article focuses on the problem of understanding allegory in antiquity. The author, on the one hand, gives and analyzes various examples of the use of this figure in ancient oratory, on the other, examines certain aspects of the rhetorical theory concerning allegory and its place in the system of other stylistic figures. The article pays particular attention to the epidectic kind of eloquence and related genres — their genesis and formation under the influence of poetic patterns, as well as the poetics of epidectic speeches, largely focused on Ancient Greek lyric and dramatic poetry. Among the various cases of the use of allegory by antique orators, the article draws on extensive material from the speeches of Dion Chrysostom and Aelius Aristides, the major representatives of the so-called “Second Sophistic” — the main trend in the history of the late Greek eloquence, which has not been hitherto sufficiently studied in contemporary Russian classical philology.

References

1 Nesterova O.E. Allegoria pro typoloigica: Origen i sudba inoskazatelnyh metodov interpretatsii Sviash’ennogo Pisania v rannepatristicheskuiu epocu [Allegoria pro typoloigica: Origen and the fate of the allegorical methods of interpreting the Holy Scriptures in the early patristic era]. Moscow, IWl RAS Publ., 2006. 298 p. (In Russ.)

2 Rannechristianskaia i vizantiiskaia ekzegetika [Early Christian and Byzantine exegesis]. Moscow, IWL, 2008. 248 p. (In Russ.)

3 Savrei V.J. Aleksandriiskaia shkola v istorii filosofsko-bogoslovskoi mysli [Alexandrian school in the history of philosophical and theological thought]. Moscow, Izd-vo MGU Publ., 2005. 232 p. (In Russ.)

4 Allegorie. Historisches Worterbuch der Rhetorik. Hrsg. G. Ueding. Bd. 1. Tubingen, Niemeyer, 1992. S. 330–393. (In German)

5 Anderson G. The Second sophistic. A cultural phenomenon in the Roman Empire. London, Routledge, 1993. 303 p. (In English)

6 Blank W. Zur Rhetorik der Allegorie als “uneigentlich Aussage”. Texttyp, Sprechergruppe, Kommunikationsbereich. Studien zur deutschen Sprache in Geschichte und Gegenwalt. Festschrift fur Hugo Steger zum 65 Geburtstag. Hrsg. v. H. Loffter, K. Jakob u. B. Kelle. Berlin, 1994. S. 3–16. (In German)

7 Bondarko N.A. Baumgarten und Palmbaum in ihrer Funktion fur den Aufbau deutscher geistlicher Prosatexte des 13. Jahrhunderts. Zeitschrift fur Literaturwissenschaft und Linguistik. Heft 122. Stuttgart; Weimar, Metzler, 2001. S. 80–135. (In German)

8 Bowersock G.W. Greek sophists in the Roman Empire. Oxford, the Clarendon Press, 1969. 140 p. (In English)

9 Brinkmann H. Mittelalterliche Hermeneutik. Tubingen, Niemeyer, 1980. 439 S. (In German)

10 Buffiere F. Les mythes d’ Homere et la pensee grecque. Paris, Les Belles Lettres, 1956. 677 p. (In French)

11 Burgess T. Epideictic literature. Chicago, The University of Chicago press, 1902. 173 p. (In English)

12 Christiansen H. Die Technik der allegorischen Auslegungswissenschaft bei Philon von Alexandrien. Tubingen, J.C.B. Mohr, 1969. 191 S. (In German)

13 Dawson D. Allegorical readers and cultural revision in ancient Alexandria. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1992. 341 p. (In English)

14 Detienne M. Homere, Hesiode et Pythagore. Poesie et philosophie dans pythagorisme ancient. Bruxelles, Latomus, revue d’e.tudes latines, 1962. 116 p. (In French)

15 Joosen J.C., Waszimk J.H. “Allegorese”. Reallexikon fur Antike und Christentum. Bd. I. Sturrgart, Hiersemann, 1950. S. 283–293. (In German)

16 Eisenhut W. Einfurung in die antike Rhetorik. Darmstadt, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1977. 107 S. (In German)

17 Freytag H. Die Theorie der allegorischen Schriftdeutung und die Allegorie in deutschen Texten besonders 11. Und 12. Jahrhunderts. Berlin; Munchen, Francke, 1982. 312 S. (In German)

18 Lamberton R. Homer the theologian. Neoplatonist allegorical reading and the growth of the epic tradition. Berkeley; Los Angeles; London, University of California Press, 1986. 363 p. (In English)

19 Lamberton R., Keaney J.J. Homer’s ancient readers: The hermeneutics of Greek epic’s earliest exegetes. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1992. 228 p. (In English)

20 Lausberg Н. Handbuch der literarischen Rhetorik. Stuttgart, Steiner, 1990. 983 S. (In German) 21 Lubac de H. Exegese medievale. 3 vols. Paris, Aubier, 1959–1964. (In French)

22 Meier C. Zwei Modelle der Allegorie im 12. Jahrhundert. Formen und Funktionen der Allegorie. Hg. v. W. Haug. Stuttgart, Metzler, 1979. S. 70–89. (In German)

23 Metaphor, allegory and the classical tradition, ed. G.R. Boys-Stones. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2003. 305 p. (In English)

24 Michel P. Alieniloquium. Elemente einer Grammatik der Bildrede. Bern; Frankfurt-am- Main; New-York; Paris, Bern Lang cop., 1987. 654 S. (In German)

25 Otto S. Die Funktion des Bildbegriffes in der Theologie des 12. Jahrhunderts. Munster, Aschendorffsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1963. xxxi, 315 S. (In German)

26 Paideia: The world of the Second Sophistic, ed. by B. E. Borg. Berlin; New York, De Gruyter, 2004. 494 p. (In English)

27 The Second sophistic, ed. by T. Whitmarsh. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2005. 106 p. (In English)

28 Pepin J. Mythe et allegorie. Les origins grecques et les contestations judeo-chretiennes. Paris, Etudes augustiniennes, 1958. 522 p. (In French)

29 Pernot L. La rhetorique de l’eloge dans le monde Greco-Romain. Paris, Institut d’e.tudes augustiniennes, 1993. T. I. 490 p. (In French)

30 Russel D.A. Greek declamation. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1983. 141 p. (In English)

31 Richardson N.J. Homeric professors in the age of the sophists. Ancient literary criticism, ed. by A. Laird. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2006, pp. 62–86. (In English)

32 Ueding G., Steinbrink B. Grundriss der Rhetоrik. Stuttgart, 1986. 372 S. (In German)

33 Whitman J. Allegory. The dynamic of an ancient and medieval technique. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1987. 296 p. (In English)