Download PDF: http://studlit.ru/images/2017-2-4/Chekalov-Pakhsaryan.pdf
Keywords: serial, novel serial, editorial project, narrative clichés, recurrent characters, paraliterature.
For citation:

Chekalov K.A., Pakhsaryan N.T. The Structure of the Fantômas Novel Series by Pierre Souvestre and Marcel Allain and the Problem of Seriality in Popular Literature. Studia Litterarum, 2017, vol. 2, no 4, pp. 114–133. (In Russ.) DOI:10.22455/2500-4247-2017-2-4-114-133

Author: Kirill A. Chekalov
Information about the author:

Kirill A. Chekalov, DSc in Philology, Head of the Department of Classical Literature and Comparative Literary Studies, Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Author 2: Natalya T. Pakhsaryan
Information about the author 2:

Natalya T. Pakhsaryan, DSc in Philology, Professor, Department of Foreign Literature, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie gori, 1/51, 119991 Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received: June 10, 2017
Published: December 25, 2017
Issue: 2017 Vol. 2, №4
Department: World Literature
Pages: 114-133
DOI: 10.22455/2500-4247-2017-2-4-114-133
UDK: 82 313.1
BBK: 83.3(4Фра)

Abstract

The essay examines the structure of a 32-volume series of Fantômas novels created by Pierre Souvestre and Marcel Allain; it traces the origins and development of the serial genre and generic novelties related to seriality. The latter include a relative autonomy of each story in each volume and interconnection of the volumes via the figure of the criminal “slipping away” from the hands of justice. The study compares poetological techniques of the fabula development and points out specific features of the Belle époque reality as represented through the introduction of recognizable “cultural signs,” varia- tions of everyday incidents, and newspaper chronicle of criminal events. It also analyzes the image of Fantômas and other recurrent characters of the series (such as Juve, Fan- dor, Hélène, Lady Maud Beltham, etc). The authors examine para-literary features that can be traced in many other different forms such as TV series and graphic novels. They include (1) mythologization of the main character as embodiment of Evil, or a “criminal genius”; (2) confusion of the real and the fictional, verisimilar and extraordinary, horri- ble and comic based on the variations of literary and journalistic clichés; (3) repetition of plot patterns, (4) attempts to guess and to meet reader’s expectations.

References

1 Alfu. Encyclopédie de Fantomas. Amien, Alfu autoédition, 1981. 330 p. (In French)

2 Allain M. Du roman populaire et de ses possibilités commerciales, mémoire rédigé en 1938 à l’intention de la librairie Fayard pour le lancement d’une nouvelle série. Fantômas, ed. par F. Lacassin. Paris, Laffont, 1988, t. III, p. 1240 (In French)

3 Artiaga L., Letourneux M. Fantômas! Biographie d’un criminel imaginaire. Paris, Les Prairies ordinaires, 2013. 184 p. (In French) 11 См. главу «Les Fantômas de Hunebelle: la défaite d’un mythe» [9, p. 453–466]. Studia Litterarum /2017 том 2, № 4 132

4 Aubry D. Du roman-feuilleton à la série télévisuelle. Pour une rhétorique du genre et de la sérialité. Berne, Peter Lang, 2006. 244 p. (In French)

5 Audureau A. Fantômas. Un mythe moderne au croisement des arts. Rennes, Presses univ. de Rennes, 2010. 334 p. (In French)

6 Confession de Marsel Allain, suivi d’un débat. Entretiens sur la paralittérature. Paris, Plon, 1970, pp. 77–117. (In French)

7 Contrat passé entre Pierre Souvestre et Arthème Fayard le 14 janvier 1911. Europe, 1978, no 590–591, juin-juillet, pp. 4–6. (In French)

8 Conversation avec Marcel Allain. Entretiens sur la paralittérature. Paris, Plon, 1970, pp. 79–83. (In French)

9 De l’écrit à l’écran, Jacques Migozzi dir. Limoges, PULIM, 2010. 870 p. (In French)

10 Dictionnaire du roman populaire francophone, Danièle compère (dir.). Paris, Nouveau Monde, 2007. 484 p. (In French)

11 Fournel V. Figures d’hier et d’aujourd’hui. Paris, Calmann Lévy, 1983, pp. 225–243. (In French)

12 Guise R. Balzac et le roman feuilleton. L’Année balzacienne, 1964, pp. 283–338. (In French)

13 Hamon Ph. Faits divers et littérature. Romantisme, 1997, no 97, pp. 7–16. (In French)

14 Kalifa D. La véritable histoire de la Belle époque. Paris, Fayard, 2017. 296 p. (In French)

15 Kalifa D. Usage du faux. Faits divers et romans criminels au XIX siècle. Annales. Histoire. Sciences. Sociales, 1999 (54-ème année), no 6, pp. 1345–1362. (In French)

16 La querelle du roman-feuilleton. Littérature, presse et politique, un débat précurseur (1836–1848), textes réunies et présentés par L. Dumasy. Grenoble, ELLUG, 1999. 276 p. (In French)

17 Leiduan A. Introduction. Sérialité narrative: enjeux esthétiques et économiques. Cahiers de Narratologie, 2016, no 31. Available at: http://narratologie.revues.org/7561 (Accessed 15 March 2017). (In French)

18 Letourneux M. Des feuilletons aux collections populaires: Fantömas, entre modernité et héritages sériels. Belphégor. Littérature populaire et mediatique. Paris, 2013, vol. 11, no 1. Available at: http://belphegor.revues.org/286 (Accessed 15 March 2017). (In French)

19 Letourneux M. Introduction — la littérature au prisme des sérialités. Belphégor, 2016, no 14. Available at: https://belphegor.revues.org/794 (Accessed 15 March 2017). (In French)

20 Mémoire rédigé par Marcel Allain le 5 novembre 1938 à l’attention des éditions Fayard. Fantômas, ed. рar F. Lacassin. Paris, Laffont, 1988, t. II, pp. 1238–1250. (In French)

21 Mollier J.-Y. La naissance de la culture médiatique à la Belle époque: mise en place des structures de diffusion de masse. Etudes littéraires, 1997, vol. 30, no 1, pp. 15–26. (In French)

22 Odaert O. Sérialité et personnages. Du roman populaire à la bande dessinée. Belphégor, 2016, no 14. Available at: https://belphegor.revues.org/777 (Accessed 15 March 2017). (In French) 

23 Sainte-Beuve Ch. De la littérature industrielle. Revue des Deux Mondes, 1839, septembre, pp. 675–691. (In French)

24 Souvestre P., Allain M. Fantômas. Edition integrale. Paris, Robert Laffont, 2013–2015. Vol. 1–5. 1270 p. + 1250 p. + 1217 p. + 1084 p. + 1154 p. (In French)

25 Thérenty M.-E. Mosaïques. Etre écrivain entre presse et roman (1829–1836). Paris, Honoré Champion, 2003. 735 p. (In French) 26 49 280 000 lignes. Souvestre P., Allain M. Fantômas. Edition integrale. Paris, Robert Laffont, 2014, vol. 3, pp. 1193–1196. (In French)