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Keywords: American literature, Mark Twain, Russian periodicals, literary criticism, journalism, social and cultural situation.
For citation:

Stetsenko E.A. Mark Twain in the Russian Pre-Revolutionary Periodical. Part 2. Studia Litterarum, 2017, vol. 2, no 3, pp. 166–189. (In Russ.) DOI:10.22455/2500-4247-2017-2-3-166-189

Author: E.А. Stetsenko
Information about the author:

Ekaterina A. Stetsenko, DSc in Philology, Director of Research, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, Moscow, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received: March 20, 2017
Published: September 25, 2017
Issue: 2017 Vol. 2, №3
Department: Russian Literature
Pages: 166-189
DOI: 10.22455/2500-4247-2017-2-3-166-189
UDK: 82.09
BBK: 83.3(7Сое)53+ 76.02(2)

Abstract

This article deals with the analysis of interpretation of the works by Mark Twain, famous American author, in the Russian pre-revolutionary periodical press (1872–1916). The objects of research are critical articles, essays, reviews, correspondences, introductions to publications of Twain’s short stories and novels, obituaries, and other materials printed in central and provincial magazines and newspapers. Perception of Twain in Russia was contingent on many factors including political and cultural situation in the country, state of social thought and literary criticism, newspaper and magazine conjuncture etc., always remaining polysemantic and conflicting. In different times, in the years of democratic rising or reaction critics looked for something in Twain’s works that corresponded to the spirit of their time and helped solve ideological and aesthetic problems. Twain had reputation of either a “pure humorist” or a great writer, philosopher, and moralist. Democrats, liberals, conservatives, feminists, adepts of realistic or naturalistic trends in art discussed Twain’s works that became a source of knowledge about the United States and inspired polemics about Russia’s further development. Twain was highly esteemed as the author of books for children and young people. Yet his works that criticized monarchism and imperialism were often ignored or abridged. The history of Twain’s interpretation in the Russian press serves as evidence of the fact that perception of foreign literature is a dynamic and bumpy process, repeating itself and moving backwards but also getting to deeper levels of meanings.

References

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